In This Issue: Antiphon 26, no. 1 (2022)

Summary of Antiphon: A Journal for Liturgical Renewal 26, no. 1 (2022)

Antiphon: A Journal for Liturgical Renewal is the official journal of the Society for Catholic Liturgy. This multidisciplinary journal publishes articles on a wide range of topics that deal with the liturgy of the church, such as church art, music, and architecture. In addition to material focusing on the modern Catholic liturgy, there are also articles on historical, canonical, or theological aspects of church worship. Subscribe to Antiphon here.

Mass Markets and the “Liturgical Long Tail”
Stephen Bullivant
This article offers a social-scientific perspective on the theme of “Liturgical Reconciliation: That They May be One.” Specifically, it presents a positive case, on pastoral and evangelistic grounds, in favour of liturgical diversity. This argument applies equally to individual parishes and broader—e.g., deanery, diocesan, national, Church-wide—levels. Different, concrete factors influencing church/congregation growth or decline are delineated, and the rationale for applying economic models to thinking about pastoral life is explained. The paper introduces the concept of “the liturgical long tail,” and argues for its disproportionate importance for ecclesial vitality.

The Medieval Pontificalia and the Necessitates Temporum: A Study of the Church’s Liturgy Responding to the Needs of the Time
Ryan T. Ruiz
The history of liturgical books is a perennial story of unity and diversity. The development of sacramentaries, pontificals, and rituals presents a rich dialogue between the Roman Rite and the religious experience of a given people. The medieval pontificals, in particular, provide an insight into the fruit born from this dialogue. The “book of the bishop” not only contained rites requisite for the local pontiff, but also those that would eventually pass into the book of his priests—the Rituale. This essay examines how the medieval pontificalia helped the Church’s liturgy respond to the realities of the day. Special attention is paid to the Pontifical of William Durandus, which served as a template for the Tridentine Pontifical.

The Development of the Meaning of the Term “Liturgy” in the Twentieth Century
Richard A. Nicholas
The term “liturgy,” inherited from the ancient world, gradually fell into disuse in the Latin West. With the advent of the Liturgical Movement, the term not only grew in usage but in depth of meaning. The paper traces how the definition and meaning of the term developed throughout the twentieth century. Pius XII in Mediator Dei emphasized liturgy as the worship rendered by the Church in union with its Head. The Second Vatican Council in Sacrosanctum Concilium developed the term in reference to the sacraments and the sanctification of their recipients. The Catechism of the Catholic Church complemented the roles of the Father and the Son in the liturgy by amplifying the role of the Holy Spirit.

“What has Christ to do with Apollo?”: Unpacking the Apollonian and Dionysian Principles in Joseph Ratzinger’s Theology of Music
David Birkdale
The Apollonian and Dionysian spirits occupy a central role in the theology of liturgical music proposed by Joseph Ratzinger (Benedict XVI). These terms highlight different priorities in music: the Apollonian represents reason, while the Dionysian represents primal emotion. Ratzinger holds that liturgical music should always be Apollonian, placing himself in a tradition that goes back to Plato. This article examines the history of this tradition, and argues against the Dionysian alternative proposed by Nietzsche and its current proponents, who regard the priority of the Apollonian spirit as essentially a form of European colonialism. Citing an example from Kongzi (Confucius), I show that the Apollonian spirit is not limited to Western thought, and allows for an experience of the Logos, a universal value.

Syrian Hymnography
Irénée-Henri Dalmais O.P. (†), Giles Conacher O.S.B.
Syrian hymnography covers vast tracts both of time and geography. In the Syrian liturgical traditions, in contradistinction to those of the Latin West, poetic compositions play a central role. Of particular importance is the work of St. Ephrem, preacher-poet. Popular musical culture was not without ambiguities, bearing, fostering and disseminating teachings viewed as heterodox by some; hence it was sometimes more didactic and apologetic than lyrical. Alongside hymns, antiphons and responses form part of the corpus. A brief summary of the current place of hymnography in the churches of the West and East Syrian traditions is given.

Michael G. Earthman reviews Divine Worship: Daily Office (Commonwealth Edition). London: Catholic Truth Society, 2021. 2030 pages. Leather bound. £45.00.

Matthew Dugandzic reviews David W. Fagerberg, Liturgical Dogmatics: How Catholic Beliefs Flow from Liturgical Prayer. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2021.
262 pages. Paperback. $19.95.

Timothy P. O’Malley reviews José Granados, Introduction to Sacramental Theology: Signs of Christ in the Flesh. Translated by Matthew J. Miller. Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 2021. 428 pages. Paperback. $34.95.

Karl Isaac Johnson reviews Maria S. Guarino, Listen with the Ear of the Heart: Music and Monastery Life at Weston Priory. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2020. 214 pages. Paperback. $34.95.

Alexis K. Kutarna reviews Susan Treacy, The Music of Christendom: A History by Susan Treacy. Greenwood Village, CO: Augustine Institute / San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2021. 235 pages. Paperback. $16.95.

Michael Heintz reviews Piercing the Clouds: Lectio Divina and Preparation for Ministry, edited by Kevin Zilverberg and Scott Carl. Saint Paul: St. Paul Seminary Press, 2021. 141 pages. Paperback. $24.95.

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