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History of infant communion, part 2: Medieval and modern periods (500-2015 AD)

In the early middle ages, infants received the blood of Christ from the chalice, while older children and adults received communion under both species. In the later middle ages, lay Christians received very infrequently and never from the chalice, which meant that infants could no longer be communed at their baptism. When lay communion was encouraged in the late 19th and early 20th century, first communion was moved from age 12 to age 7 by Pope Pius X. His arguments about the importance of communion for young children are still moving, and can be applied to children even younger than seven.

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The Holy Spirit Calls Us to Serve

“The gift of the Holy Spirit has been bestowed upon the Church and upon each one of us, so that we may live lives of genuine faith and active charity, that we may sow the seeds of reconciliation and peace.”

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A Pastoral Council has the Same Weight as a Dogmatic One

“Vatican II is not Council Lite but the very opposite.”

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Blessed Oscar Romero

Today in San Salvador, Oscar Romero became Blessed Oscar Romero.

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This Issue of: Worship

Below you can find abstracts from this issue of Worship as well as the list of books that were reviewed.

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Prayer to the Holy Spirit

As we celebrate the feast of Pentecost this month, the Church sets before us this beautiful prayer. The first thing to note about the prayer is this: it is old. Very old. In fact the first part is based on Psalm 104:30, likely composed over 2500 years ago. Isn’t it amazing that we can pray the same words believers have prayed for centuries?

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John Romeri Resigns from Office for Liturgical Music

John Romeri has resigned from his position as the Director of the Office for Liturgical Music in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia citing irreconcilable differences with Archbishop Chaput.

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Non Solum: Transitioning from the Eucharistic Prayer to The Lord’s Prayer

The transition from the Eucharistic Prayer to The Lord’s Prayer is a weak transition point in the Mass. While there is a natural connection between the Eucharistic Prayer and The Lord’s Prayer, without purposeful presiding this transition can become very abrupt.

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History of infant communion, part 1: Early church (30-500 AD)

Christians initiated infants by at least the late 2nd century (180s), and until the late Middle Ages (after 1000, but probably more like 1200), all newly baptized Christians were communed, regardless of age. Infant communion was lost because lay communion was lost, but when lay communion was restored in the 19th and 20th centuries, infant communion was not restored with it. In this first post, I’ll be focusing on the evidence for infant communion and the early church context.

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Prolixity: Tending to Speak or Write at Excessive Length

A basic dictum of ritual theory holds that there is a time for speaking and a time for silence—or at least a time that should pass without spoken words.

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